Migraine with Brainstem Aura (MBA) is a type of Migraine with Aura.
Formerly called Basilar Migraine, Basilar Artery Migraine, or Basilar-type Migraine.
MBA not only includes typical migraine aura symptoms (visual symptoms, language difficulty, etc), and usually headache, but also “brainstem aura”.
Brainstem aura may include:
- dysarthria (trouble controlling speech muscles)
- hearing impairment
- double vision
- decreased level of consciousness
Each symptom lasts less than an hour.
(Motor weakness is not a part of MBA)
Note: We will be starting to work through some of the changes that will be in the new headache classification document from the International Headache Society. One of the changes will be a name change – from basilar-type migraine to migraine with brainstem aura. MBA is a rare type of migraine which often includes very disabling and severe types of aura. When motor weakness is present – muscle weakness which may make it difficult to walk – the diagnosis will instead be a type of hemiplegic migraine.
The graphic above is not intended to help you make a diagnosis, but just to point you in the right direction – to better understand from your symptoms what you may be dealing with.